Research Project Portals

SPBU on web site published an article about achievement of the Center and published article.

New article on Genome Russia project accepted to publication

Daria V. Zhernakova, Vladimir Brukhin, Sergey Malov, Taras K. Oleksyk, Klaus Peter Koepfli, Anna Zhuk, Pavel Dobrynin, Sergei Kliver, Nikolay Cherkasov, Gaik Tamazian, Mikhail Rotkevich, Ksenia Krasheninnikova, Igor Evsyukov, Sviatoslav Sidorov, Anna Gorbunova, Ekaterina Chernyaeva, Andrey Shevchenko, Sofia Kolchanova, Alexei Komissarov, Serguei Simonov, Alexey Antonik, Anton Logachev, Dmitrii E. Polev, Olga A. Pavlova, Andrey S. Glotov, Vladimir Ulantsev, Ekaterina Noskova, Tatyana K. Davydova, Tatyana M. Sivtseva, Svetlana Limborska, Oleg Balanovsky, Vladimir Osakovsky, Alexey Novozhilov, Valery Puzyrev, Stephen J. O'Brien,
Genome-wide sequence analyses of ethnic populations across Russia,
Genomics, 2019,
 
ISSN 0888-7543,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2019.03.007.
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0888754318307419)
Abstract: The Russian Federation is the largest and one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world, however no centralized reference database of genetic variation exists to date. Such data are crucial for medical genetics and essential for studying population history. The Genome Russia Project aims at filling this gap by performing whole genome sequencing and analysis of peoples of the Russian Federation. Here we report the characterization of genome-wide variation of 264 healthy adults, including 60 newly sequenced samples. People of Russia carry known and novel genetic variants of adaptive, clinical and functional consequence that in many cases show allele frequency divergence from neighboring populations. Population genetics analyses revealed six phylogeographic partitions among indigenous ethnicities corresponding to their geographic locales. This study presents a characterization of population-specific genomic variation in Russia with results important for medical genetics and for understanding the dynamic population history of the world's largest country.

Every Monday at 3pm we have a staff meeting to discuss current projects and other topics.

Genome Russia Project

Genes are the basic “instruction book” for the cells that make up our bodies, and are made out of DNA. The DNA of a person is more than 99% the same as the DNA of any other unrelated person. But no two people have exactly the same DNA except identical twins. Differences in DNA are called genetic variations. They explain some of the physical differences among people, and partly explain why some people get diseases like cancer, diabetes, asthma, and depression, while others do not. Such diseases may also be affected by factors like diet, exercise, smoking, and pollution in the environment, which makes it hard to figure out which genes affect the diseases.

GWATCH - web-based genome browser for genome-wide association studies

GWATCH is a web-based genome browser designed to automate analysis, visualization and release of data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and whole genome sequence association studies of genetic epidemiological cohorts. For any association study, GWATCH allows cataloging and viewing of significant statistical results of association tests (p-values, odds ratios, hazard ratios and others) for single or multiple variants (SNP, indels, CNV), for single or multiple tests.

Genome-based Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Variation Database

Comparative genomics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical strains spread in Russia – is one of the research projects conducted at Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bioinformatics. We are studying genomic signatures associated with M. tuberculosis clinical and microbiological features. A Database of M. tuberculosis Genome Variations (GMTV) developed by our team, integrates clinical, epidemiological and microbiological information with genome variations based on whole genome sequencing data. This research is conducted in collaboration with St. Petersburg Research institute of Phthisiopulmonology and St. Petersburg Pasteur Institute, and supported by St. Petersburg State University and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) grants.

Single-cell analysis of tumor-microenvironment interactions in follicular lymphoma

Follicular lymphoma

Follicular Lymphoma (FL) is a slow-growing cancer of the lymphatic system, which affects one in every three thousand individuals. While existing frontline therapies are effective at suppressing FL, it remains an incurable disease with a median survival of 8-10 years. A fifth of the patients develop resistance to the standard treatment within the first two years. Understanding the mechanisms facilitating resistance and identifying early molecular prognostic indicators remains a high priority.

Theodosius Dobzhansky

Geneticist & Evolutionary Biologist
 
Theodosius Dobzhansky American geneticist and evolutionary biologist and a central figure in the field of evolutionary biology is recognized for...

Stephen J O'Brien

Chief Scientific Officer
 
I welcome you to the Site of the brand new Center of Genome Informatics at St Petersburg State University. The...

Vladimir Brukhin

Leading researcher, Deputy Director 
 
Vladimir Brukhin    Leading researcher, Deputy Director  Joined the Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bioinformatics in February 2013 right after returning...

Lab's news

SPBU on web site published an article about achievement of the Center and published article.

Wednesday 10.07.2019 at 3pm. Alexander Tiskin (Department of Computer Science, University of Warwick, United Kingdom) "The surprising algebra of sequence alignment".